Do you or someone you care about suffer from sleepless nights? Wondering if you have a sleep disorder or just insomnia? Do you find it difficult to fall asleep or stay asleep? Do you wake up in the morning feeling tired? Is insomnia starting to make you feel depressed or anxious? Want to sleep well feel well and get rid of insomnia? You are not alone! Nearly one-third of Americans are sleep-deprived according to the Centers for Disease Control (Center for Disease Control, 2016). Yet, there is hope!
Cognitive Behavioral Therapy for Insomnia (CBTI) may just be the solution. In short, this is a non-pharmacological evidence-based treatment utilized to treat insomnia. Similar to other cognitive behavioral therapy strategies, it addresses the behaviors and thoughts that prevent healthy slumber. By strengthening the homeostasis sleep drive, (the natural drive that causes you to fall asleep), It is a proven strategy to help those struggling with insomnia.
Under a trained clinician or physician utilizing cognitive behavioral therapy for insomnia, many patients have overcome insomnia and wake up feeling a renewed energy for the day. It is also important to note that sleep difficulty can be the result of other sleep disorders. Therefore, it is recommended you seek out the advice of a physician to be evaluated for proper diagnosis and treatment.
Sleep well feel well
1. Recommended as the initial treatment recommended for insomnia
Many options come to mind when considering the traditional recommendations of how to treat insomnia, including sleep hygiene and medication. In 2016, The American College of Physicians recommended “…CBT-I as the first line of treatment for adults with chronic insomnia.” The ACP stated the negative side effects, costs, and short duration of how long traditional sleep medicine should be prescribed as the reasoning behind their preference for this to be the initial standard treatment for insomnia. Therefore, CBTI should be the first thing a doctor prescribes to treat insomnia according to the American College of Physicians.
2. Cognitive Behavioral Therapy for Insomnia is just as effective and potentially more dependable than medication
Medication management has long been used as a sole treatment for insomnia. While in the immediate it can seem beneficial, the results can be short-lived and may cause more significant problems. Besides the potential side-effects, increased tolerance, and possible addictive tendencies, medication often is not a permanent resolution for those struggling with the issue of insomnia (Mitchell, Gherman, Perlis and Umscheid 2012). Studies continue to affirm the effectiveness of CBTI with patients falling asleep faster and staying asleep longer and experiencing fewer episodes of waking up in the middle of the night. Additionally, patients with CBTI continue to have improved sleep patterns for more extended periods after the initial treatment time has ended. Hence, some researchers have concluded, “The effects of CBT-I appear to be sustained over time, while the effects of drug therapy decline. (Mitchell, Gherman, Perlis & Umscheid 2012).
3. Natural and medication-free
CBTI does not require any medication or supplements to be effective. While it can complement medications and supplements, cognitive behavioral therapy for insomnia is a stand-alone treatment that results in more significant restorative rest that helps people sleep well feel well without taking any medication. As such, patients as young as preschool and mature as the elderly can receive this therapy with optimal potential.
4. Reduce and possibly treat depression
Chronic insomnia can intensify depressive feelings and possibly create them. Sleep is intended to be a time of rejuvenation, both physically and emotionally. Long periods of not sleeping well will leave anyone feeling depressed and melancholy. Because of the mutual relationship between insomnia and depression, researchers have actually started to consider using cognitive behavioral therapy for insomnia as a non-pharmacological treatment with patients that have been diagnosed as clinically depressed. (Gee, Orchard, Clarke, Joy, Clarke & Reynolds 2018).
5. Treat sleep anxiety
Sleep anxiety occurs when someone experiences anxiety related to sleep. For example, the stress may manifest itself by being worried that this chronic insomnia will never end. Another example may be that the continued sleep deprivation will lead to poor performance at work and getting dismissed, or constantly worrying about the harmful effects of inability to sleep well feel well on your entire lifestyle. What can be done about these racing thoughts that keep you awake at night? CBTI alleviates this anxiety by identifying any negative thoughts that contribute to worry and transforming them into healthy ones. Working with someone that is trained in cognitive behavioral therapy for insomnia will help you feel more rested and reduce anxiety.
6. Improve physical health
Not getting enough sleep is not beneficial for optimum physical health. Everyone prefers to sleep well feel well and enjoy good physical health. Untreated insomnia can cause an increased risk for cardiovascular disease, hypertension, Type 2 diabetes, and possibly stroke. CBTI has been proven to help these conditions. Likewise, CBTI has been shown to assist with coping skills in patients that experience chronic pain (Jungquist, O’Brien, Matteson-Rusby, Smith, Pigeon, Xia, Lu and Perlis 2010). Sleeping better often improves the quality of life for those that struggle with chronic pain.
7. Getting unstuck
Chronic insomnia suffers may feel stuck in an endless cycle of poor sleep and lack of energy often wondering if they will ever be able to sleep well again. CBTI can help provide a renewed empowerment by regaining control over what often feels like an uncontrollable condition.
Center for Disease Control. (2016). 1 in 3 Adults Do Not Get Enough Sleep. Retrieved from https://www.cdc.gov/media/releases/2016/p0215-enough-sleep.html
American College of Physicians. (2016, May 3). ACP Recommends Behavioral Therapy as Initial Treatment for Chronic Insomnia [Press Release]. Retrieved from https://www.acponline.org/acp-newsroom/acp-recommends-cognitive-behavioral-therapy-as-initial-treatment-for-chronic-insomniastencies regarding healthy sleep that further insomnia.
Mitchell, M. D., Gehrman, P., Perlis, M., & Umscheid, C. A. (2012). Comparative effectiveness of cognitive behavioral therapy for insomnia: a systematic review. BMC family practice, 13, 40. doi:10.1186/1471-2296-13-40. Retrieved from
Gee, B, Orchard B.F., Clarke E., Joy, A, Clarke T., Reynolds, S. (2019). The effect of non-pharmacological sleep interventions on depression symptoms: A meta-analysis of randomised controlled trials. Sleep Med Rev, 43, pp. 118-128. Retrieved from https://www-sciencedirect-com.ezproxy.liberty.edu/science/article/pii/S1087079218302089#bib18
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